Managua is the state Nicaragua capital, the largest economic, political and cultural centre of the country, and also leading transport knot on Pan-American highway. Managua - a city possessed in the western part of the country at southern coast of lake Managua, on Pan-American highway. Nicaragua has borders in the north with Honduras, in the south - with Costa Rica. From the east the country is washed by Caribbean sea, from the West - waters of Pacific ocean. The city territory is In a seismodangerous zone. The capital Managua has been based by Spaniards of at-sight former American Indian settlement known from the beginning of XVI century In 1846 settlement has found the city status, and in 1855 the city has been confirmed by state capital. Under the legend capital Managua has been nominated to conclude struggle for superiority between two largest cities of Nicaragua - Leon and Grenada. Throughout the stage-by-stage historical development the city repeatedly was exposed to acts of nature. In 1876 there was the strongest flooding, and in 1885, 1931 and 1972 happened destructive flooding, in 1936 there was the strong fire which has destroyed a significant part of a city. Subsequently the city has been again erected. Managua is presented by a chess network of streets. Often has one-storeyed building
Modern Managua is famous for the cultural monuments, such as the Palace of Republic and a monument Ruben Dario, to widely known poet of Nicaragua. Huge interest is represented by rich colonial culture of the country. In Managua the popular university of Central America, Polytechnical university of Nicaragua, and also some economic and medical high schools place. The downtown was justified on rather small plot along lake coast. On the bank of lake the picturesque park was stretched, in immediate proximity from which there is a city main square - Plasa de Revoljuson. On the area the National palace, a modern cathedral and a town hall are possessed. Here there is the most unusual place of interest of Nicaragua - traces Akaupinki, i.e. Replicas of millenia living many back people and animals. Managua is famous for the museums. Among them the national museum of Nicaragua opened in 1896, it includes some departments: Archaeological, zoological, botanical, numismatics and ceramics. The museum based in the restored ambassador of occurred earthquake in 1972 Grand Hotel, in the central part of a city is of special interest. In this museum the rich collection of national suits of a colonial epoch, a doll by which the city was decorated during carnivals, pictures of the beginning of XX century, a pattern and an engraving of the famous masters of the country, and also painting and sculpture product is presented.
the Flag Managua represents the rectangular panel of white colour bordered with a gold strip on perimetre. In the flag centre the official urban arms are possessed.
The coat of arms Managua represents the heraldic board surrounded with a blue framework, with an inscription: «LEAL VILLA D SANTIAGO D MANAGVA». In the coat of arms centre on a red field the plotting of the yellow lion keeping in paws a yellow ball is seated. The lion is considered a symbol of force, courage and pride. The arms are topped by a gold crown. The crown symbolises the power and power, and also indicates the metropolitan status of a city.