Santo-Domingo is capital of Dominican republic, and also its largest historical, economic, political centre. The city is possessed in a southern part of Dominican republic (in the island Haiti southeast). The basic population of a city - mulattos, Negroes, natives of Europe. The significant part of the believing population professes Catholicism (about 95 %). Santo-Domingo is based in 1496 by the brother of well-known pioneer Christopher Columbus Bartolomeo on one of river banks Osama. From the beginning of the basis the city carried absolutely other name - the New Isabella. But subsequently has been renamed into Santo-Domingo that is literally transferred as «Sacred Sunday». In XVI century of Santo-Domingo was main capital of all colonies of Spain. But after Spaniards had been seized such countries as Peru and Mexico, a number of influential colonies has ceased to represent any interest for colonizers. In XVIII century In capital began to deliver slaves from the African countries as there was a severe need in a labour on numerous plantations of Haiti. In 1795 of Santo-Domingo has been switched on in composition of France. And after almost half a century a city officially declared capital of independent Dominican republic.
Houses and buildings in a city are executed in Gothic, Arabian, Romance styles, including in style the Renaissance. Santo-Domingo is famous for the historical monuments. The most outstanding concern the strength Osama constructed in 1507; a tower to a Torah del Omenahe (1507); a palace Kasa del Almirante erected in 1514; lock Alkasar (1514), a palace of Kasa of de Engombe (1935), and also a Catholic cathedral of Santa-marija-la-menorahs, churches the San Nikolos and San Francisco (XVI century) . In the heart of the city the square of Independence is possessed. Nearby to the area the monument to the become famous pioneer Christopher Columbus is positioned. The most important city streets - Bolivar and Independensia - are built up by beautiful houses and offices. Here there is a National palace, the republic government, the numerous banks, expensive hotels and restaurants. In the central part of a city botanical and zoological gardens, children's park Ramsis with various athletic fields, the International park and stadium also are possessed. Santo-Domingo is the major centre of science of the country. Here are the most ancient in Latin America the university formed in 1538, the National university opened in 1966 Santo-Domingo is famous for the museums. Among them the museum of Santo-Domingo opened in 1973 In him the unsurpassed collection of the subjects concerning both by an ancient epoch, and to modern is presented. Unique patterns and sculptures of the glorified authors of Dominican republic are stored in National gallery of fine arts.
the Flag Santo-Domingo represents a rectangular panel of white colour. In the flag centre the modern municipal arm, with an inscription in Spanish "Сiudad de Santo Domingo de Guzman" is represented that is transferred, as "the City of Santo-Domingo".
The coat of arms Santo-Domingo is presented in the form of a heraldic board of the Spanish form. In the central part of the coat of arms on a red field the plotting of a key of dark blue colour, in an environment of two gold lions standing on hinder legs is seated. The lion long since symbolises bravery and power. Crowns the coat of arms a gold five-petal crown.