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Swiss franc

  • Name:
  • Monetary unit:
  • Capital:
  • Area:
  • Language:
  • the Country code:
  • Switzerland, Confederation
  • Swiss franc
  • Bern
  • of 39 770 sq. km
  • a German (state), French, Italian
  • CH (CHE) 756

National monetary unit of Switzerland is The Swiss franc equal to 100 centimes. Also the Swiss The franc is an official legal tender of Liechtenstein. The international designation of currency - CHF . Issue of denominations is carried out by Central bank of Switzerland and the Swiss national bank, coins are minted The Swiss mint. In the cash circulation of the country there are denominations of denomination of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 1000 francs.

The Swiss franc has been injected by the law from May, 7th, 1850 with the contents of a fine silver of 4,5 g instead of monetary units of the separate cantons which were a part of the Swiss Confederation. In the conditions of bimetallism (1860 - 1878) the franc gold content has been equal to a franc France gold content in 0,290323 g of pure gold (the law from January, 31st, 1860), and silver remains at level of a fine silver of 4,5 g.

the Flag Switzerland the Map Switzerland
the Arms Switzerland

To the First World War Switzerland was included into the Latin monetary union (France see ), and in its territory coins of other member countries of this union could address. With the beginning of the First World War the exchange of notes for gold has been terminated. The law from December, 20th, 1929 in Switzerland had been entered gold-currency the standard on the basis of a former gold content of franc; the Swiss national bank manufactured exchange of notes mainly on a foreign exchange. In 1933 1936 Switzerland was included into the Gold block (France see ).

Switzerland is divided into 4 language regions: a German, French, Italian and Rhaeto-Romance. Therefore Token moneys also are signed in the transferred languages: on note face side inscriptions in German contain And on-retoromanski, and on the back - in French and in Italian.

In four official languages of the state the monetary unit name sounds as follows: Franken (on German language), franc (in the French and Rhaeto-Romance languages), franco (in Italian). The Hundredth part Franc on a German is called Rappen (Rp.), in French - centime (with.), in Italian - centesimo (ct.) And on Rhaeto-Romance - rap (rp.).

Paper moneys of Switzerland have excellent protection against a fake. Since 1976 and till now attempts To forge them it is not fixed.

On face sides of the Swiss denominations portraits are seated: on 10 francs - Le Corbusier (Zhanere, Charles Eduar), On 20 francs - Arthur Honeggera, on 50 francs - Sofi Tauber-Arp, on 100 francs - Alberto Dzhakometti, on 200 francs - Charles Ferdinana Ramju, on 1000 francs - Jacob Burkhardta.

Face side of 20 francs of Switzerland
the Back of 20 francs of Switzerland

In many Swiss shops it is possible to pay in euro and dollars at the rate. To manufacture exchange It is possible in banks, exchange offices, at the airports, at stations. For payment in state territory Traveller's cheques and credit cards are accepted.

Face side of 200 francs of Switzerland
the Back of 200 francs of Switzerland

It is updated 05.2012

Coins of Switzerland

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