European Union Monetary unit is the euro, equal 100 eurocents.
Euro (euro) - monetary unit of exhibiting countries European
Economic and an exchange rate union - (EMU). Has been entered into the cashless circulation since January, 1st 1999, in the cash circulation - on January, 1st 2002. An official code of euro by standard ISO-4217 - EUR .
The European union (the European Union, EU) - association of 27 European states which have signed the Maastricht agreement.
The Countries members of the European Union: Belgium, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, France, Great Britain, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Hungary, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czechia, Estonia, Bulgaria, Romania. Cash euros have replaced native currencies of 17 countries of the European union. In Sweden and Denmark have passed referenda on which the majority has spoken against euro acceptance. Great Britain also has decided not to replace the native currency. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania scheduled to pass to euro in 2009 that Estonia has safely made on January, 1st, 2011, however because of economic difficulties transferring to euro in Lithuania and Latvia should be postponed, at least till January, 1st, 2014. Bulgaria, Poland and Romania schedule to pass to euro since January, 1st, 2015.
The Countries and territories - not-members EU however officially using euros according to agreements with the European central bank: Vatican , Mayotte, Monaco , San Marino , Saint Pierre and Miquelon. The countries and the territories informally using euro: Akrotiris and a Dhekelia, Andorra , Kosovo, Montenegro , the Sen-bartelmi, Saint Martin.
A Nominal number, EURO currencies - 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros. For all notes uniform style of performance is characteristic, thus denominations of various nominal values differ from each other as colour scale, and
In the sizes. Concerning the sizes it is possible to notice that the note in nominal value in 5 euros has length of 120 mm and width of 62 mm, the note 10 euros has length of 127 mm and width of 67 mm, 20 euros - 133 x 72 mm, 50 euros - 140 x 77 mm, 100 euros - 147 x 82 mm, 200 euros - 153 x 82 mm, 500 euros - 160 x 82 mm. The size of notes increases with growth of their face-value.
In decor of notes of euro of each of 7 nominal values, there is one of 7 architectural styles of a cultural history of Europe, namely, the note in nominal value 5 euros contains the plotting of buildings and the structures executed in classical style of the European architecture, the note in nominal value 10 euros of the plotting of buildings and the structures constructed in Romance style, the note of denomination 20 euros - in Gothic style, 50 euros - in style of an epoch
The Renaissance, 100 euros - in a Baroque taste and rococo, 200 euros - in style hi-tech (advantage of a glass, a steel and plastic, in architecture), 500 euros - in modern architectural style.
Unlike coins, notes of euro have no party with instructions of what country has manufactured them (by the way, it is not obligatory that country where they have been printed). The this information is coded in the first symbol of a serial number of each note.
The first symbol of a serial number of a denomination unequivocally defines the country which has released the this note. The others 11 symbols of number, at certain account, yield a check sum inherent in this country. Codes under signs W, J and K have been reserved for members of EU who do not use now euro while prefix R is intended for the Eurozone state that now does not manufacture euronotes.
| Z || Belgium
|| M || Portugal
| Y || Greece
|| L || Finland
| X || Germany
|| K || Sweden
| W || Denmark
|| J || Great Britain
| V || Spain
|| I || -
| U || France
|| H || Slovenia
| T || Ireland
|| G || Cyprus
| S || Italy
|| F || Malta
| R || Luxembourg
|| E || Slovakia
| Q || -
|| D || Estonia
| P || the Netherlands
|| C || -
| O || -
|| B || -
| N || Austria
|| A || -
It is necessary to notice that at manufacturing of notes of euro, various methods of a seal are applied. In particular,
The mediated relief printing is used for reproduction of a background of the note, a penetrating engraving seal
It is applied to a portrayal of face side of the note, and by means of a trellised seal there are special
Euro notes have high degree of protection against fakes. For euro a number of signs of authenticity is characteristic,
Revealed only by means of special devices (authenticity detectors), namely: some elements,
Luminescing in ultraviolet light beams, micropatterns, the microtext and some infra-red labels.
The basic signs of authenticity of notes of euro which can be defined without special means, are:
Relief seal, watermarks, protective strip, the hologramme, the iridescent strip placed vertically on
To note underside (for notes of small nominal value), or nominal value on a light plot of the turnaround
The parties of the note which changes the colour (for notes of high nominal values), and also a raised relief,
Some elements of the plotting of an obverse part, characteristic for notes of euro of all nominal values.
Watermarks copy as a part of the plot represented on an obverse part of the note, and a digital designation
Its nominal value. As to a protective strip it is looked through from both parties of the note. The hologramme on
Small notes (nominal value to 50 euros) looks like a strip on which are seated a face-value and
The plotting of a sign on EURO, on large notes the protective hologramme is presented by a badge on which it is seated
Nominal value of the this note and architectural motive corresponding to it.
It is updated 05.2012